Forestry is the set of treatments applied to a forest mass with the purpose of achieving the forest’s perpetuation over time, obeying the principles of sustainability and multiple uses.
Definitively, it is a matter of applying the available knowledge on how forest ecosystems function to achieve a continuous functioning of those systems.
Woodlands of holm oaks dotted with a few pines, Portuguese oaks, etc. These woodlands often produce black truffle or summer truffle. The structure of the woodland is important for these two species to find a favorable environment that allows them to develop. A partial covering of the soil will favor the growth of the truffle’s mycelium.
Fungi play a fundamental role in maintaining ecosystems by performing the following functions:
– Intervening in multiple symbiotic relationships, favoring the growth of plants primarily in adverse conditions.
– They are the primary decomposing agents of organic material.
– They participate in the formation of soils.
At the same time, they are a very important natural resource from the economic perspective. The black truffle is a very highly valued product for which there is growing demand. This has led to an overexploitation of natural truffles, which, along with an inadequate management of the woodlands, has caused the disappearance of many natural truffle beds.
This overly closed holm oak woodland has lost the structural conditions favorable to the continued appearance of truffles. If we wish to recover the former production, forestry actions will be necessary to maintain an adequate cover for the truffles; even so, periodic inoculations may be necessary.
Woodland structure favorable to the natural production of truffles.
Keeping all of this in mind, we are in a position to provide advice, in reference to woodlands with truffle bed potential, on the most appropriate work and treatments to recover black truffle production in a sustainable way, and in doing so, contribute to the regeneration of our woodlands.
Little has been done to maintain the productive truffle potential of many woodlands. Nonetheless, the value of these fungi amply surpasses any other tangible forest production (wood, hunting, etc.).
Support and services that Cultivos Forestales y Micológicos offers to landowners of woodlands, municipal governments, forestry communities, etc.:
A) Evaluation and advice regarding inoculations of adult trees. There are woodlands of holm oaks, Portuguese oaks, mixed woodlands, that once produced truffles but no longer do so or are in decline. We can carry out forestry actions in combination or not with periodic inoculations that can notably improve the production of the woodland. Other woodlands that may have soil and climate conditions favorable to truffle production nonetheless have never produced them; here, by undertaking inoculations and truffle forestry actions, it is possible to give the woodland a value that would be hard to achieve otherwise.
B) We can provide inoculant or productive substrates with truffle spores to favor what has been described in the above section.